How Spiritual Health Affects Mental and Physical Wellbeing (2022)

How Spiritual Health Affects Mental and Physical Wellbeing (1)

Discover how spiritual health affects your wellbeing.Photo: Penywise/Morguefile

If it wasn’t already clear, an individual’s spiritual needs change over the course of a lifetime.

But according to a Gallup poll, 69 percent of respondents noted that they want to experience spiritual growth in their daily lives.

While most Americans rely on their faith and spirituality for deeper meaning in their lives, this internal struggle can impact overall health as well.

– Updated 2/11/2020

Table of Contents

  • 1 What is Spiritual Health?
  • 2 How Spiritual Health Impacts Physical Health
    • 2.1 The Placebo Effect
    • 2.2 Studies Show Positive Perks of Spiritual Health
    • 2.3 The Role of Spirituality in Health Care
  • 3 How Spiritual Health Impacts Mental Health
    • 3.1 Religion and Spirituality: It’s All in Your Head
    • 3.2 Spirituality and Treating Mental Health Disorders
  • 4 How to Promote Spiritual Health
    • 4.1 Start Early
    • 4.2 Yoga
    • 4.3 Meditation
    • 4.4 Altruism
    • 4.5 Forgiveness

What is Spiritual Health?

The basis of spirituality rests on the idea that life is meaningful and that each person has a purpose.

While religion may serve as a component of spiritual health, people do not have to follow any specific religion to be spiritually healthy.

However, a common misconception is that people must maintain religious affiliations to reap the benefits of inner peace.

But beyond religion, values, ethics, principles, and morals help shape one’s spiritual identity.

These elements can exist independently of religion or coexist with your devotion.

Despite the varying religious views of Americans, Gallup’s poll found that 80 percent of respondents believe in absolute good and evil.

This moral common ground highlights the fact that spirituality is farther reaching than religious ideologies alone.

But how do you know when you have achieved spiritual health?

When it comes to recognizing spiritual health, signs of spiritual wellness, according to the University of New Hampshire, include:

  • Developing a purpose in life
  • Being able to spend reflective time alone
  • Taking time to reflect on life events and their meanings
  • Recognizing right and wrong and acting accordingly
  • Understanding and articulating what you believe in
  • Caring for others
  • Practicing forgiveness and compassion

Maintaining spiritual health does not mean there is no conflict in your life.

Instead, it means that you feel strong and balanced enough to manage conflict as it arises and that you process events and move on rather than dwell on what you cannot control.

That said, spiritual health is a lifelong journey, not something you can visit one time.

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Keeping tabs on your internal compass and your spiritual health can affect every area of your life, including relationships, family, and work.

How Spiritual Health Impacts Physical Health

Ancient cultures may have turned to their religious idols to ask for good health and wellness, but modern spiritualists and psychics understand that there is an intricate connection between spiritual health and physical health.

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The relationship between the mind and body is stronger than you may think.

The Placebo Effect

One clear example of the impact our mentality has on our health is that of the placebo effect.

One cardiologist at Harvard School of Medicine called the placebo effect “remembered wellness,” one medical journal reported, echoing the sentiment that our beliefs can influence health outcomes.

Further, the article’s discussion of Herbert Benson, MD, and his placebo research highlighted the fact that in his studies, anywhere from 16 to 60 percent of patients benefited from placebo use versus taking pharmaceuticals.

Benson also suggested that the patient-physician relationship had an impact on the likelihood of the placebo effect, as both the patient and the doctor must believe that the therapeutic method will work.

The bottom line is that when people believe they are ingesting something that will make them better, their bodies respond to this positive thinking.

When you feel optimistic about your course of treatment, that may just make said treatment work better.

That said, there are tragic stories of profoundly spiritual or religious populations who rely on spiritual healing in cases where medicine could have saved a life.

For that reason, it’s essential to maintain a healthy outlook on one’s spirituality and work with professionals when dealing with life-threatening diseases.

Still, thinking positive thoughts can do wonders when you’re having a bad day, so why shouldn’t it work when it comes to your physical recovery and wellbeing?

Studies Show Positive Perks of Spiritual Health

In general, most studies surrounding the topic of spiritual health rely on participants’ religious affiliations to guide research.

Since many people feel that spirituality and religion are deeply intertwined, many studies look at the relationship between religious services and patient health outcomes to determine the impact of spiritual health.

For example, a review of studies on chaplaincy, pastoral counseling, and other religious support services in hospitals concluded that patient satisfaction rates were higher with spiritual support in-hospital.

Although figures connecting chaplaincy to positive patient health outcomes are hard to come by, the review noted that patients who are happier and more comfortable with their healthcare teams are more proactive about recovery and future wellness.

The review also discussed the potential adverse effects of spiritual struggle in patients who are facing health challenges.

If people are experiencing an internal battle regarding religion or spiritual beliefs, they may suffer poorer health outcomes.

One solution is for medical professionals to inquire about and offer referrals to professional chaplains or other caregivers.

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The Role of Spirituality in Health Care

Because people often turn inward to their spiritual beliefs to get them through stressful situations, medical professionals must recognize and accommodate patients’ spiritual health while addressing physical ailments.

This perspective supports the holistic or whole-patient view of many modern medical professionals, but spiritual support is currently uncommon in hospitals and doctors’ offices.

Unfortunately, many patients are often on their own when it comes to developing and maintaining spiritual health, whether they’re dealing with significant health challenges or not.

How Spiritual Health Impacts Mental Health

Because spirituality is an internalized perspective, it is more closely related to mental health than most people acknowledge.

While some religions refute the existence of mental health conditions in the first place, a healthy approach to spirituality can help promote mental wellness, too.

How Spiritual Health Affects Mental and Physical Wellbeing (3)

There is a balance between your mental health and spiritual wellbeing.Photo:Jared Rice/Unsplash

Religion and Spirituality: It’s All in Your Head

Kenneth I. Pargament, Ph.D., knows a lot about religion and spirituality as they relate to mental health.

He wrote two books that discuss psychology, religion, and psychotherapy, and has observed that religion and spirituality often help people cope with stressful and grief-related situations.

In an interview with the American Psychological Association, Dr. Pargament explained that religion and spirituality are helpful for people who are coping with major life stressors.

Further, he notes that apart from support from religious clergy, people often deal with difficult life transitions through healthy rituals and spiritual forgiveness.

In practice, Pargament clarified, psychologists should address patients’ religious and spiritual beliefs as part of diagnosing conditions.

He also notes that “spiritually integrated approaches to treatment are as effective as other treatments.”

Because psychologists already receive cultural sensitivity training, addressing spirituality with patients only takes that understanding a step further.

At the same time, Pargament says, framing such spirituality and mindfulness exercises as meditation and yoga in a secular way helps make them accessible to all people seeking out spirituality.

However, he does point out that taking all “sacred” connotations out of the spirituality equation doesn’t help, either.

Ultimately, transcendence, finitude, and connectedness are all crucial elements of spirituality, and those topics are not always entirely secular.

Spirituality and Treating Mental Health Disorders

For centuries, people thought that adherence to religion was a form of mental illness.

But as one review of spirituality and mental health studies elaborated, recent research supports religion and spirituality as sources of stress reduction and positive coping strategies.

Psychiatrists recognize that spirituality is an integral part of patients’ lives, and therefore, their recovery.

According to the paper on spirituality, mental health has two dimensions: absence of mental illness, and presence of a well-adjusted personality.

Spirituality addresses many aspects of adjustment in daily life, with many of these elements buried deep in our subconscious minds.

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One study involved 226 patients who received care and rehabilitation for alcohol dependence, where people who reported spirituality had better outcomes with maintaining abstinence from alcohol.

Another study showed that patients with schizophrenia who spent more time engaging in religious activities faced better prognoses than those who were nonreligious.

These studies all reinforce the fact that spirituality has a complex impact on mental health, and regular spirituality practices can help mitigate the effects of mental disorders.

Particularly for people with a family history of significant mental health challenges, maintaining spiritual health can prove a pathway to overall health.

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How Spiritual Health Affects Mental and Physical Wellbeing (4)

Social support is a part of good health.Photo:Omar Lopez/Unsplash

How to Promote Spiritual Health

Just like physical health requires active participation, so does spiritual health.

You cannot expect to experience optimal spiritual health if your life is consistently in a state of chaos.

That said, regardless of what is going on in your life or the lives of those around you, developing spiritual health can happen despite hectic daily living.

Here are a few strategies for promoting spiritual health.

Start Early

Spiritual people are less prone to self-destructive behaviors, Kids Health reports, and that means starting early in life is a massive step in the right direction.

That might mean partaking in religious activities as a family or outlining the household’s spiritual guidelines.

People who feel strongly about their personal beliefs are happier with their lives, and built-in social support through religious groups and events can contribute to those overall feelings of positivity.

The benefits continue into adulthood and beyond, too, giving people strength as they move through life’s phases.

Apart from religious involvement, Kids Health recommends other measures to encourage family spiritual wellness. Those include:

  • Explore your family’s roots, history, and values
  • Get involved with your community
  • Reminisce about positive family events
  • Share meditation or quiet time as a family
  • Explore nature
  • Read about spirituality and share together

Yoga

Is yoga a spiritual thing?

It’s a common question for people who are just beginning to explore the benefits of this centering physical activity.

While many of the poses have roots that come from religious interpretations of ancient Indian culture, practicing yoga doesn’t require any devotion.

Yoga does, however, require focus and concentration.

It encourages people to exercise their bodies, but it also prompts self-reflection during prolonged poses.

Focusing on breathing, balance, and maintaining proper posture will earn the most benefits from yoga.

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According to the National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health, yoga can help reduce back pain and lower the risk of depression that comes with chronic pain.

Yoga also seems to help lower blood pressure and heart rate, both of which skyrocket when people experience stress.

How Spiritual Health Affects Mental and Physical Wellbeing (5)

Yoga and meditation have been shown to improve wellbeing.Photo:martinlouis/morguefile

Meditation

Without zeroing in on a specific set of religious beliefs, meditation “primes the mind for spiritual experiences,” Huffington Post reported, as a psychologist and his colleagues tested their theory.

The first step in meditation is mindfulness, and that openness leads to awe, researchers found.

Participants in the study who listened to a mindfulness audio tape were more likely to experience a “greater awe reaction,” while people who listened to non-mindfulness control audio reported a lesser reaction.

Altruism

Altruism is both a selfless method of helping others and a means of achieving improved spiritual health.

People who support others often feel happier about themselves, but according to Stanford, altruism is not an innate trait in all of us.

Altruism tends to develop based on relationships, and whether we feel like people care for us.

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While selfishness may be the default setting for most of us, given humans’ inclination toward self-preservation, intentional acts of altruism can help improve our spiritual wellbeing.

Choosing to pay forward an act of kindness can improve your mood and prime you for continuing to act selflessly in the future.

Forgiveness

People who carry around grudges can tell you; it’s hard to find positivity and inner peace when you’re harboring hateful feelings.

The good news is, even people who have experienced severe trauma can learn to apply forgiveness and move on.

While most religions have rules about doling out forgiveness, you don’t have to subscribe to a specific set of beliefs to reap the benefits.

John Hopkins Medicine notes that unresolved conflicts can affect your physical and mental health, setting you up for higher risks of heart attack and depression.

Feeling angry all the time puts your body into a constant battle between fight and flight, and holding onto negative feelings can lead to depression, anxiety, stress, and other harmful side effects.

As John Hopkins’ experts agree, forgiveness is a choice, but a critical one when it comes to your health.

The health benefits of forgiveness don’t only apply to others.

Forgiving yourself for past mistakes is an essential part of moving forward in life, both in spiritual and mental terms.

FAQs

How does spiritual health affect physical health? ›

Spiritual practices can help build the strength and alleviate the effects of depression or other mental illness, which in turn affects physical well-being. Dealing with a chronic illness, pain, or disability is stressful and often leads to depression. Spirituality can help in coping with the stress of illness.

How are spiritual mental and physical health related? ›

Spirituality and health-related behaviors can play a significant role in defining psychological well-being. Personal focus on physical health and the human body or psychosocial health and the human mind and spirit, might also determine psychological well-being.

How does religion and spirituality affect mental health? ›

Religion gives people something to believe in, provides a sense of structure and typically offers a group of people to connect with over similar beliefs. These facets can have a large positive impact on mental health — research suggests that religiosity reduces suicide rates, alcoholism and drug use.

Why is spiritual health and wellbeing important? ›

Spiritual wellness acknowledges our search for deeper meaning in life. When we're spiritually healthy, we feel more connected to not only a higher power, but to those around us. We have more clarity when it comes to making everyday choices, and our actions become more consistent with our beliefs and values.

What is spiritual health and wellbeing? ›

Spiritual wellbeing relates to our sense of life-meaning and purpose. It can include our connection to culture, community, spirituality and/or religiosity and includes the beliefs, values, mental models and ethics we hold.

How does religion affect health and wellbeing? ›

For example, researchers at the Mayo Clinic concluded, “Most studies have shown that religious involvement and spirituality are associated with better health outcomes, including greater longevity, coping skills, and health-related quality of life (even during terminal illness) and less anxiety, depression, and suicide.

What helps promote physical mental and spiritual well-being? ›

You can build your personal resiliency by developing your stress management skills, exercising regularly, consuming a healthy diet, and having a strong sense of spirituality. A balance in life seems to result in greater mental health. We all need to balance time spent socially with time spent alone.

How can you promote your own mental physical and spiritual health? ›

If you're unsure where to begin, here are a few ways to help you get started.
  1. Connect with your faith community. ...
  2. Volunteer or help others. ...
  3. Practice yoga. ...
  4. Meditate. ...
  5. Keep a journal. ...
  6. Spend time in nature. ...
  7. Focus on your hobbies. ...
  8. Speak with a chaplain or someone you trust.
26 Jun 2021

In what way my physical being connects with my mental emotional social and spiritual? ›

Wellness is a full integration of physical, mental and spiritual well-being. It is a complex interaction that leads to quality of life. Wellness is commonly viewed as having seven dimensions. Each dimension contributes to our own sense of wellness or quality of life, and each affects and overlaps the others.

What are the spiritual benefits of physical activity? ›

Engaging in your physical practice (and the physical exertion itself) provides the mirror. Fears, doubts, and other inner barriers rise to the surface, mirroring those that come up in your life. Your practice mirrors the way you engage your life and life's challenges.

Is spiritual health a part of mental emotional health? ›

Spirituality is an important aspect of mental health.

How important is spirituality in your life? ›

Healthy spirituality gives a sense of peace, wholeness and balance among the physical, emotional, social and spiritual aspects of our lives. However, for most people the path to such spirituality passes through struggles and suffering, and often includes experiences that are frightening and painful.

What are examples of spiritual health and wellbeing? ›

Examples include volunteering, being positive and optimistic, contributing to society, connecting with others, feeling a sense of belonging and practicing self-care. Finding meaning and purpose may be a lifelong process that evolves based on unique circumstances, individual experiences and global events.

Why is spiritual care important? ›

Spiritual care has positive effects on individuals' stress responses, spiritual well-being (ie, the balance between physical, psychosocial, and spiritual aspects of self), sense of integrity and excellence, and interpersonal relationships (1).

Why is spiritual strength important? ›

Spiritual strength can help you overcome hardships.

He gives examples where spiritual people find ways to “meet the challenge and continue with purposeful lives…they bounce back and carry on.” Having a strong spiritual outlook may help you find meaning in life's difficult circumstances.

What is spiritual health and why it matters? ›

Spiritual health includes a purposeful life, transcendence and actualization of different dimensions and capacities of human beings. Spiritual health creates a balance between physical, psychological and social aspects of human life.

What are examples of physical well being? ›

Physical Wellbeing
  • setting up a comfortable, ergonomic work/study space at home to prevent pain or injury.
  • keep that body moving - benefits of regular movement in your work or study times.
  • finding your 30 - tips for regular exercise during isolation.
  • eating well.
  • how to get a good night's sleep.

How do you define mental wellbeing? ›

Mental wellbeing can be described as a combination of how we feel (our emotions and life satisfaction) and how we function (relationships with others, personal control, purpose in life and independence). It is something that affects everyone, old and young, and anyone can experience good or poor mental wellbeing.

How does religion affect your mental health? ›

A slew of research has tied being religious with better well-being and overall mental health. A number of studies have found that devout people have fewer symptoms of depression and anxiety, as well as a better ability to cope with stress.

How does religion help with physical health? ›

Religiousness, including formal religious affiliation and service attendance, is associated with better health habits, such as lower smoking rates and reduced alcohol consumption. Spirituality, including meditation and private prayer, helps regulate emotions, which aids physiological effects such as blood pressure.

How does religion affect physical activity? ›

In adjusted regression models, individuals who report that their religious beliefs influence decisions about being physically active “a lot” have significantly more active days per week than those who say their religious beliefs do not influence such decisions.

How can physical and mental health be improved? ›

Exercise. Physical activity is a great way to keep you physically healthy as well as improving your mental wellbeing. Research shows that doing exercise releases feel-good chemicals called endorphins in the brain. Even a short burst of 10 minutes brisk walking can improve your mental alertness, energy and mood.

Why physical and mental health is important? ›

Just as physical fitness helps our bodies to stay strong, mental fitness helps us to achieve and sustain a state of good mental health. When we are mentally healthy, we enjoy our life and environment, and the people in it. We can be creative, learn, try new things, and take risks.

What is the state of complete physical mental emotional social and moral spiritual well being? ›

Health is a dynamic state of complete physical, mental, spiritual and social well being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity.”

What is the difference between spiritual health and emotional health? ›

This is an important difference between the two mental conditions. Being spiritual is all about being godly in thinking and acting. On the other hand, being emotional is all about being humanly in thinking and acting. Spirituality is highest state of mind, whereas emotional is the normal state of mind.

How physical wellness and emotional wellness are linked? ›

Physical health and mental wellbeing are inextricably related. Physical injuries can lead to mental health issues, and vice versa. Physical activity can bring health benefits including elevated mood and reduced stress; and healthy eating also can improve mental health.

What are three physical mental and spiritual benefits of regular exercise? ›

Though it may help you lose weight and prevent chronic diseases such as diabetes, high blood pressure and cardiovascular disease, exercise also benefits the mind and spirit. Did you know that regular exercise can lift your mood, fight depression, lessen anxiety and slow the cognitive decline that comes with age?

How does physical activity improve physical health? ›

Regular physical activity can improve your muscle strength and boost your endurance. Exercise delivers oxygen and nutrients to your tissues and helps your cardiovascular system work more efficiently. And when your heart and lung health improve, you have more energy to tackle daily chores.

What is spirituality in physical education? ›

PHYSICAL EDUCATION

Pupils learning to cope with their emotions in socially acceptable way during competitive situations. SPIRITUAL – Pupils develop their knowledge and understanding of the body's performance when exercising; this leaves pupils amazed at the body's ability.

What is an important part of spirituality? ›

Those with good spiritual health typically display hope, a positive outlook, forgiveness/self-acceptance, commitment, meaning and purpose, a sense of self-worth, clear values, and feelings of peace.

What are the negative effects of spiritual health? ›

Results indicated that the negative spirituality group endorsed significantly worse bodily pain, physical health, and mental health, as well as significantly less positive spirituality, less frequent religious practices, and a lower level of forgiveness.

How does stress affect your spiritual health? ›

Anxiety can rob us of the ability to enjoy our lives, creating instead hopelessness and shame. We find it hard to stop obsessing long enough to enjoy a loving relationship, find humor in life, or enjoy peaceful moments. We cannot create, relax, or imagine a life without fear.

How does spirituality affect your body? ›

You may feel a higher sense of purpose, peace, hope, and meaning. You may experience better confidence, self-esteem, and self-control. It can help you make sense of your experiences in life. When unwell, it can help you feel inner strength and result in faster recovery.

How can physical fitness strengthen your spiritual aspect? ›

How to Use Physical Exercise as a Spiritual Practice
  1. Mobilizes and reduces stress hormones.
  2. Decreases tension and inflammation in the body.
  3. Improves heart rate variability and physical resilience to stress.
  4. Boosts positive endorphins that encourage an optimistic mindset.
16 Oct 2017

How does physical health affect social health? ›

Increased confidence, peer acceptance, leadership skills, and empathy; these are just four of the social benefits children receive from sports and physical activity. These four benefits can have a significant effect on a child's health, happiness, and future.

What does the Bible say about physical and spiritual? ›

Romans 12:1 says, “... present your bodies as a living sacrifice, holy and acceptable to God, which is your spiritual worship.” Then 1 Corinthians 6:20 reinforces, "For you were bought with a price; therefore glorify God in your body and in your spirit, which are God's.

Is spiritual health a part of mental emotional health? ›

Spirituality is an important aspect of mental health.

What are examples of spiritual health? ›

Practice Spiritual Wellness
  • Practicing meditation or yoga.
  • Praying or taking part in organized religion.
  • Spending quiet time alone pondering the meaning of life.
  • Building awareness through journaling.
  • Serving your community, spending time in nature, appreciating music and the arts.

What is the difference between mental and spiritual health? ›

Mental health is not only the absence of depression, anxiety, or another disorder. 3. Spiritual Health- Spiritual Wellness is a personal matter involving values and beliefs that provide a purpose in our lives.

What are three physical mental and spiritual benefits of regular exercise? ›

Though it may help you lose weight and prevent chronic diseases such as diabetes, high blood pressure and cardiovascular disease, exercise also benefits the mind and spirit. Did you know that regular exercise can lift your mood, fight depression, lessen anxiety and slow the cognitive decline that comes with age?

Why is spiritual fitness important? ›

Spiritual fitness is critical to developing overall wellness. Spirituality can be very personal. Spiritual fitness relates to our ability to develop core beliefs, highest principles, and ultimate values, and if we can live our life accordingly.

What are the mental benefits of physical fitness? ›

Other benefits include:
  • less tension, stress and mental fatigue.
  • a natural energy boost.
  • a sense of achievement.
  • more focus and motivation.
  • feeling less angry or frustrated.
  • a healthy appetite.
  • having fun.
19 Aug 2021

What can affect mental health? ›

What causes mental health problems?
  • childhood abuse, trauma, or neglect.
  • social isolation or loneliness.
  • experiencing discrimination and stigma, including racism.
  • social disadvantage, poverty or debt.
  • bereavement (losing someone close to you)
  • severe or long-term stress.
  • having a long-term physical health condition.

What is the relationship between mental health and wellbeing? ›

If you experience low mental wellbeing over a long period of time, you are more likely to develop a mental health problem. If you already have a mental health problem, you're more likely to experience periods of low mental wellbeing than someone who hasn't.

How might mental wellbeing affect my physical health? ›

Being in a good mental state can keep you healthy and help prevent serious health conditions. A study found that positive psychological well-being can reduce the risks of heart attacks and strokes. On the other hand, poor mental health can lead to poor physical health or harmful behaviors.

What does the Bible say about physical wellbeing? ›

Proverbs 3:7-8 – Be not wise in your own eyes, fear the Lord and turn away from evil; this will mean health for your flesh and vigor for your bones. 1 Corinthians 11:31 – So whatever you eat or drink, or whatever you do, do everything for the glory of God.

What does the Bible say about physical well being? ›

To summarize, the Bible instructs us to take care of our bodies, not overindulge in food or drink, and seek spiritual health through being kind to others and praying.

What does the Bible say about health and healing? ›

"Heal me, Lord, and I will be healed; save me and I will be saved, for you are the one I praise." "And the people all tried to touch him, because power was coming from him and healing them all." "'But I will restore you to health and heal your wounds,' declares the Lord."

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